What is the importance of archeology, today we will provide you with the importance of archeology? As it is an ancient science where it was taken care of during the 18th century, since it is specialized in human waste in the past time in the present time, whether buildings or statues or tools that were used previously, and we will learn more about the importance of archeology through the article.
Definition of Archeology
- Archeology is the one who is keen to study everything that man has left materially, since all things that man has made of tools are studied.
- Archeology is one of the most accurate studies that speak of waste from human civilizations. It is through this science that the lives of peoples are studied through the ages. These are the buildings, the pieces of art, the tools and the pottery.
- The study of archeology contributes to the drawing of many images of the life features of ancient civilizations, since when man discovered the stone tools known tools for food used by humans in the old age.
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The Origin of Archeology
- This science has been established in the United States as a human science, because the results of the sections of the humanities complement the results of archeology, and this science is a comprehensive view to understand the culture through the material, which is preserved, whatever its duration.
- For example, medieval manuscripts dating back to the Middle Ages were discovered. New York monuments dating back to the 18th century are also known as the Black Cemetery.
- The person who is interested in the field of archeology is called an archaeological researcher, as he is searching for the means used by man in previous eras, and he wants to know the information correctly.
Importance of Archeology
- The importance of archeology lies in his interest in analyzing and studying all the material assets of the civilization that extend to the ancient man through the extrapolation and the intellectual evidence throughout the ages, and he is interested in extracting the profound values of the cultural and the effects that man left by practicing his activities.
- Archeology allows the human being to learn about the daily life of the old man by studying the effects that they have left. In addition, archeology verifies all the information he draws, not just knowledge and analysis.
- Archeology also seeks to solve any mystery in ancient civilizations, especially civilizations that have ambiguous effects. For example, in 1985 Robert Pollard identified the location of the Titanic and its debris that sank in the Atlantic Ocean in 1912, killing more than 1,500 people Of the ship's energy and passengers.
- Pollard used the sonar, a device to locate the wrecked vessel. He was able, through archeology, to discover the facts related to the ship's sinking, including that the vessel had been broken into two halves during its sinking, and that there were hundreds of pieces of antiquities on it.
Evolution of Archeology
- Archeology developed greatly in the 20th century and beyond. Archeology in the early 20th century contributed to the discovery of many of the excavations that took place in Heijo, a region of Pakistan, and discovered the Indus civilization dating back to prehistoric times.
- In the late 20th century, excavations in the Chinese city of Ann Yang revealed that there was a Chinese culture in prehistoric times. Keny Lewis, a famous archeologist, found stone tools as well as human remains in Tanzania. It is about two million years old.
- It is noteworthy that the 20th century saw a lot of knowledge about the history of America and the effects that exist in the prehistory.
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Method of detection of effects
The methods used for the detection of the effects are considered a stand-alone science, which is called the science of exploration, which is done in many ways, but falls under several things, including the state that is detected whether the country is a developing country or the countries of the developed world These methods are:
The naked eye:
Archaeological sites can be detected through the naked eye, the presence of animal bones or pottery can be found. These objects illustrate that this site is archeological.
A person can dig the ground for anything or he can be a farmer plowing his land, and find some things that indicate the presence of traces in the place.
This is through infrared rays for the appearance of buildings located below the ground, and another method is used such as scanning the sonar to detect the locations of the effects that are under water and this survey depends on the method of sound waves.
These accounts are recorded in places where there are traces and through which specialists are drilling in the area that is identified in order to know the place of the effects specifically.
Soil analysis is one way of detecting archaeological sites since it can be soil containing minerals through which sites can be found.
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After talking about the importance of archeology? We know archeology and its importance and the methods used to uncover archaeological sites, so we await your comments on the subject and your interesting comments.