NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – A single exercise session consisting of three 20-minute exercise sessions can stimulate nerve cells, which are an important means of regulating blood glucose levels and energy balance, and also affect the metabolism for up to two days, a new study suggests.
The results showed that one session of exercises for mice could enhance the activity of nerve cells responsible for energy burning for up to two days, and those changes could last longer with further training.
"It does not take much exercise to change the activity of these neurons," said Dr. Kevin Williams, a neurosurgeon at the University of Southwest Texas.
The current study predicts that exiting and exercising even once in a semi-intensive manner can be beneficial for several days, especially with respect to glucose metabolism. Furthermore, a single session of exercise involves three cycles of 20 minutes of reduced appetite. The impact of sport for up to six hours, "Williams" "may explain the results reached, at the level of nerve cells, why not feel a lot of people hungry immediately after exercise."
For this study, published in the December issue of Metabolism, the team measured the effects of short and long-term exercise on two types of neurons that form the circle of the performance of the "melanocortin" cycle. Both humans and mice have this circuit. One neuron type, when activated, is associated with low appetite, low blood glucose and energy burning, while other neurons increase the level of appetite and reduce activity of the metabolism.
The present study also provides a means to look for potential treatments to improve glucose metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes.
"The activation of melanocortes can help maintain therapeutic benefits for patients someday, especially for diabetics who need better blood glucose regulation," Williams said. "This research is not just about improving fitness. Physical, better understanding of neural connections to exercise can probably help a number of situations that are affected by glucose regulation. "