The year 2018 saw many natural disasters, ranging from earthquakes, hurricanes and forest fires. These disasters have caused enormous loss of life and property and the displacement of millions of people without shelter. As well as a number of political, social and economic disturbances, which increased the suffering and tragedy.
In this article, we highlight the worst natural disasters of 2018, in the hope that the near future will not be like it, and that it has helped create solutions to avoid them in the future.
The worst natural disasters in 2018 ..
California Fall Fire
In early November of 2018, three huge fires broke out for unknown reasons in California: the Campetown fire, the Santa Rosa Valley fire, and the fire in the counties of Los Angeles and Ventura. In the wake of the fires, the whole city of Paradise was destroyed, and the entire population of 27,000 was evacuated, 88 people were killed, and 150,000 hectares of land were burned. About 15,000 buildings and homes were burned and about 230,000 feddans were destroyed.
A devastating hurricane hit the Florida Gulf Coast area and was Category IV, reaching land on October 10 with winds up to 155 mph. The hurricane caused immediate flooding and severe damage along the shore. Residents of Alabama and Georgia were also warned of the potential damage to the storm. The cyclone damaged hospitals and homes and cut off electricity from more than one building.
Earthquake and tsunami Indonesia
Last September, the center of Sulawesi struck a devastating earthquake measuring 7.5 on the Richter scale, leading to a tsunami. Some 2.4 million people were affected by the quake, hundreds were buried under the rubble of homes and power supplies were cut off from the affected area. More than 1,000 prisoners escaped from five prisons in the area, killing more than 850 people.
Early in September, Hurricane Florence hit the east coast of the United States, specifically in North Carolina. In just 24 hours, flooding flooded North Carolina and winds reached 90 mph. More than 42 people have died from severe flooding, and several rivers in the region have been poisoned by lead, arsenic and mercury due to the mixing of coal ash with river water.
The cyclone struck Guam, the Marshall Islands, the Philippines and southern China, causing massive flooding and loss of energy throughout Guam and Marshall. The wind speed reached 10 mph, more than 3 million people were evacuated, and 54 people were confirmed dead in the Philippines and hundreds were lost.
Effects of tropical storm "Lin"
Heavy rains hit one of Hawaii's largest islands by Hurricane Lin and forced thousands of families to flee their homes to avoid landslides and other damage. Rain also swept streets, destroyed homes and ignited forest fires.
These huge fires caught all over California, from Redding, north of the state to Riverside County, Southern California. Where high temperatures and active winds with dry winds triggered a spark that caused a huge fire rated as the sixth most devastating fire in the history of California.
Floods and mudslides in Japan
Due to heavy rains in southern and western Japan, which amounted to three times the amount of normal rainfall, the region was hit by mudslides that destroyed buildings, covered the ground with mud and cut off thousands of people. Some remained trapped for days, and more than two million people were forced to flee their homes and retreat to safety.
Mount Fuego volcano eruption
For some unknown reason, the volcano of Mount Fuego in Guatemala exploded, specifically in the village of San Miguel Los los Lutes. Mount Fuego is one of the continent's most active volcanoes. The eruption covered cars and buildings with ashes, and the volcanic flow destroyed streets and bridges.
The eruption of the Kelawia volcano
After the eruption of the Kelawia volcano in Hawaii, this led to a series of small cracks and earthquakes that hit the island. Several earthquakes followed the eruption of the volcano on the island, leading to the eruption of lava from the ground, the encirclement of residential areas and the disruption of electricity supply to homes. More than 1,700 evacuations took place, and more than 82 buildings and 279 houses were destroyed.
The fires of Santa Barbara Thomas
Fire broke out in the forests of southern California for an unknown reason, but some claim that the electricity supply company in the region is responsible for the fire. The fire has caused erosion of about 282,000 feddans in the area.