Colon cancer occurs when tumors grow in the large intestine, the third most common cancer in the world, and is also the third most common cause of death associated with cancer, according to the statistics of the site "medicalnewstoday."
Facts about colon cancer:
Colon cancer affects the large intestine and usually starts in the intestinal wall.
Symptoms may not appear until a later stage of the infection, but if there are problems in the digestive system, these are common symptoms.
The treatment includes a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery, which can result in a colon.
A healthy lifestyle with a fiber-rich and low-fat diet can help prevent colon cancer, and screening can be detected in the early stages.
Symptoms of colon cancer
Colon cancer affects the large intestine, usually develops from benign to malignant tumors, there are no symptoms often in the early stages, but the symptoms may develop as the disease progresses as the symptoms include:
Diarrhea or constipation.
Changes in stool consistency.
Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool
Abdominal pain, cramps, swelling or gas.
Pain during bowel movements.
General weakness and fatigue.
Uncertain weight loss.
Irritable bowel syndrome.
Anemia due to iron deficiency.
Stages of colon cancer
Here is a brief summary of 4 common stages of colon cancer, where cancer is found at the beginning of each stage:
Stage 0: Cancer is at a very early stage, known as cancer at the site, ie, it does not grow beyond the inner layer of the colon.
Stage 1: Cancer began to grow into the next layer of tissue, but did not reach the lymph nodes or other organs
Stage 2: Cancer has reached the outer layers of the colon, but it has not spread outside the colon.
Stage 3: Cancer grows through the outer layers of the colon and reaches 1 to 3 lymph nodes, but it does not spread to distant sites.
Stage 4: At this stage the cancer has reached other tissues outside the wall of the colon. As stage 4 progresses, the cancer reaches distant parts of the body.
How to prevent colon cancer
Since the colon is part of the digestive system, diet is an important factor. Low-fiber diets, high fat, calories, red meat, alcohol and processed meat have been associated with an increased risk of colon cancer. Preventive measures include:
Keep the weight healthy.
Eat lots of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
Reduce intake of saturated fat red meat.
Limit drinking alcohol and quit smoking.