The Information Office of the Lebanese Ministry of Health issued a public statement in preparation for the upcoming storms to be exposed to Lebanon. Based on its awareness missions, the Ministry of Public Health shall issue the following instructions to citizens for their safety and to avoid any risks.
* Pay attention to safety standards when using heating devices, especially at night, to avoid any electrical friction or leakage of gas or roasted.
* Processing of each house by hand extinguisher is mandatory.
* Do not move between the cold and warm atmosphere and take plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
* Heart patients, asthma and pulmonary embolism are advised not to leave the house to avoid cold air that may cause them to have health effects.
* The need to store sufficient quantities of medicines throughout the storm.
· When using an electric heater, check its electrical supplies to avoid any electrical contact.
· When using a gas-based heater, make sure that the gas hose is not leaky and is best replaced annually.
· When using a fireplace / stove based on coal – firewood – diesel: the following precautions must be taken:
– Not to allow children to tamper with the fire (open fire) for fear of fire, accidents and suffocation.
– Supplying the house with a manual extinguisher (mandatory), a fire cover and a smoke detector (if possible).
– Separation of burning fireplaces and fuel tanks, and put them in rooms isolated from each other.
– Ensure that the ignition of the coal becomes complete before entering it into the chamber and ventilates the place from time to time to allow the entry of pure oxygen.
– Removal of any combustible materials in front of exposed heating systems (curtains, bed sheets ….).
– Do not put the clothes near the heating devices to dry them.
– Do not leave any heating device operating on the system of open flame burning at sleep or leave the house.
– Ventilating houses continuously to avoid suffocation when heating and coal.
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Personal protective tips:
• Avoid exposing the back and neck to extreme air currents and wear appropriate clothing.
· Do not move between cold and warm.
· Treat citrus to relieve the effects of colds.
· Eat plenty of fluids because they provide energy to the body to produce heat and to prevent drought as well as drinking water.
· When the house is exposed to water (the water enters the house very much) cut / isolate the electricity from the house.
Citizens with chronic diseases
Patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are advised not to leave the house during the storm, because breathing in cold air can aggravate their condition.
Heart patients are advised to stay indoors because cold air can lead to "narrowing of the coronary arteries / arteries," which can cause chest pain and irregular heart failure.
Storing medicines for the storm to avoid interruption of medication due to lack of access to the pharmacy.
Special Tips for Children:
– Babies and children should be covered in warm clothing, especially when exiting. Preferably use several thin layers of cotton clothing to keep the baby dry and warm. Do not forget to warm shoes and be wide enough for the socks with the ability to move fingers, as well as gloves and hat. It is preferable to wear an extra layer of clothing for adults in the same circumstances.
– Blankets, quilts, pillows and other loose mattresses can contribute to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), and should be kept away from the sleeping environment of the baby and preferably warm one-piece bedclothes or blankets that can be worn.
If it is necessary to use a blanket to keep the baby warm, the ends of the blanket should be bent under the mattress well, and cover the baby's feet only to the middle of the chest, so as not to cover the baby's face and cause suffocation.
– Hypothermia occurs when the child's temperature falls below normal due to exposure to cooler temperatures. It often happens when the child plays outdoors and in very cold weather without wearing appropriate clothing or when clothes become wet. It can happen more quickly in children than in adults.
– Any symptoms of hypothermia, such as tremor, stuttering, lethargy, poor movement, and loss of consciousness, may be observed and body temperature may continue to decline if the condition is not corrected in a timely fashion.
– When in doubt about the low temperature, take the child inside, remove any wet clothes, wrap with blankets or warm clothes and communicate with the family doctor if necessary.
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