Scientists predict the upcoming Rover mission to Mars,US space agency "NASA", the growing opportunity to find evidence of a life on Planet Mars Both in the past and in the present, within the next three years.
According to the British Telegraph newspaper, the British-led team, currently testing its new robot, ExoMars, which is being developed to study the geology of the planet's surface, said that deep-sea exploration plans for the first time greatly improved the probability of discovery Life on the Red Planet. "
Rover's earlier missions analyzed rock and surface soil of the planet. However, scientists believe that the thin atmosphere of the red planet and the corresponding intense radiation mean that all evidence of life on its surface has been eliminated.
In contrast, the new robot launched by the European Space Agency (ESA), in cooperation with NASA, in 2020 and the following year, will be equipped with an interesting additional tool, a powerful drill capable of extracting samples from the heart of Mars , Two meters long.
The robot will also carry an advanced laser that can detect ultraviolet rays and is used to detect organic and mineral materials. The ExoFit team, led by Airbus, is currently testing a prototype robot in the Spanish desert of Tapernas.
"We have a very good opportunity to discover evidence of a life on the red planet – we're going to a very interesting place," Dr Susan Schweitzer, an epidemiologist on the team, told The Telegraph.
"It is a unique feature of ExoMars to develop a drilling tool. If we want to discover evidence of life, it is likely that we will find it under the surface of the soil," said Dr. Ben Dobke, ExoFit project manager.
Once it reaches Mars, the solar-powered robot will try to walk on the rocky surface, excavate the soil and send other notes for at least 90 days, yet the engineers who lead the project hope the robot will continue to work longer.
The "Mars 2020" probe – also named for the year it is scheduled to launch – takes the same infrastructure as NASA's Kiorusity probe.
Since landing on Mars in 2012, Koryosity has explored about 10 miles of land and is now very slow on its rugged path to climb 5.5 kilometers above Mount Sharp Mountain on Mars.
"It's not like driving, there's a complicated series of programs that are very slow and very systematic," said Mark Shelton, an Airbus engineer who led the spacecraft, dubbed Charley, from the team's remote control center. "The challenge is that the most interesting sites for geologists are The most difficult in this case, so every step is carefully planned. "
A range of cameras are installed on the top of the robot, while the rear is suspended on a ground penetrating radar. Among the most sophisticated devices is the Raman laser spectrometer, a technology never sent to Mars, which can determine the chemical bonds of molecules in the way they move under Ultraviolet rays.