Complications of urinary catheterization in men, the disease is something that can not be tolerated by man due to the pain it causes to man whether physically that psychological, and among these diseases is the disease of the inability to drain urine, so it is used urinary catheterization.
What is a urinary catheter?
- A urinary catheter is a device used to empty the bladder from urine in some cases that can cause discomfort to the patient and can have many complications.
- It is also a hollow tube and is characterized by a certain amount of softness, and there are different types of catheter urine and each of them is made of certain materials and special, there is what is made of silicon or plastic or rubber.
- The doctor or nurse will insert the catheter into the person's body, but the urinary catheter does not stop working on the part that is inserted into the body.
- It passes to an external part of it, which is a drainage bag that includes and carry the urine collected and then discharged through the catheter.
See also: Causes of extreme thirst and frequent urination despite drinking water
Types of urinary catheter: –
There are three types of urinary catheter that can be used by the patient, including:
Permanent Catheter: –
- The doctor installs a catheter tube directly into the patient's bladder, either through the urinary tract directly or by making a small opening in the lower abdomen.
- This type of catheter continues the composition for a bit long, and after the doctor installed the catheter to the patient makes a balloon inflated at the beginning of the catheter tube.
- The purpose of this inflated balloon is to prevent the catheter from getting out of the bladder.In the case of catheter disposal, the doctor must first get rid of this balloon and then remove the catheter.
Urinary catheter for men: –
- This type of catheter is used by men if they cannot control the bladder and are changed daily.
- This type of structure, like condoms, does not require the patient to work a catheter tube inside the bladder, but the patient install the catheter himself without the need for a doctor.
Temporary catheter: –
- This type is used in some cases where the patient needs a bladder discharge once.
- This happens after the patient has undergone some surgeries, and the method of installing this type of catheter in the same way as the installation of permanent catheter.
How the urinary catheter works: –
There are several ways in which a urinary catheter can be made:
The first way: –
It is made through a catheter tube that is used to transport urine from the bladder.
See also: Types of external and permanent urinary catheters
Second method: –
- It is performed by making a somewhat small opening in the lower part of the abdomen, and depending on the method used to make the catheter urine also vary the duration of the catheter stay inside the patient's body.
- This may be due to the different type of catheter used by the doctor or the reason for resorting to the catheter on the other.
Symptoms leading to the use of catheters: –
There are a number of symptoms that the patient feels that lead to the need to use the urinary catheter, including: –
- Feeling that the patient is not fully emptying the bladder and also delays the passage of urine, which may lead to weakness and interruption in the passage of the urine and also to incontinence.
- Acute retention that leads to complete disruption of urine, which is a very emergency.
- Its symptoms are an expansion of the bladder with an increase in its natural size and cause pain in the area of the upper pubis, which can be torn if not intervened quickly.
- Increased pressure in the bladder also prevents urine from entering the ureters and may result in a return of urine from the bladder to the ureters.
- And then to the kidneys and the patient develops kidney failure or sepsis, so the patient who feels or has any pain in the bladder should go to the doctor quickly.
The reasons for resorting to the urinary catheter installation: –
The reasons for the installation of urinary catheter revealed by doctors that during the occurrence of complications of catheterization in men it is due to the difficulty faced by the patient in the control of urine, whether in the case of leakage of urine or in the case of not emptying the bladder from the urine when needed.
- Allow drainage when urine flow is blocked due to bladder or kidney stones or blood clots in the urine.
- The presence of acute enlargement of the prostate gland.
- When the patient performs surgery in the prostate gland.
- The patient performs a specific surgery in the genital area or in any area surrounding it.
- When the patient has an injury to the nerves of the bladder.
- Spinal cord injury.
- Urinary catheterization is used in some cases where the patient has impaired mental abilities such as dementia, especially for the elderly.
- If you want to deliver the medicine directly to the bladder, for example during chemotherapy to treat bladder cancer.
- Taking certain medications that have some of the side effects that affect bladder function can lead to impaired bladder muscles, which can lead to urine staying in the bladder.
- It is worth mentioning that the urinary catheterization tool is used until the patient is cured ie the patient's need for it is stopped.
Complications from urinary catheter
There are many pathological complications that can affect a person if they use a catheter:
- The human being is exposed to the occurrence of infections in the urinary tract, as many research studies have confirmed the link of urinary tract infections to the work of urinary catheters.
- Therefore, these studies have identified the importance and need to keep the urinary catheterization tools to remain very clean in order to prevent infection and inflammation.
- The patient has a fever.
- The patient's body is exposed to chills.
- The patient is in a constant and strong headache.
- A cloudy composition of urine.
- The patient feels a burning sensation in the urethra as well as severe burning in the genitals.
- In the case of catheterization, urine may leak from the catheter.
- The patient's urine may be accompanied by blood.
- The smell of urine is very unpleasant and unpleasant.
- The man who installs the catheter feels severe pain in the lower back.
- It is possible that a person may experience kidney failure.
- Cause the formation of stones in the bladder as well as kidneys.
- It is possible to cause allergic reactions to the substances used in the urinary catheter and of these substances is latex.
- Injury to the urethra.
- Using a permanent catheter can cause kidney failure.
- Infections occur in the human kidneys in addition to infections in the blood.
- The catheter causes the human temperature to rise dramatically.
See also: Causes of bleeding with urine for men
At the end of our detailed trip on the subject of complications of urinary catheterization in men, we hope that you like the subject, and we hope that the topic will be published on the various pages until the prevalence of interest.