Bacteria endemic to the eyeball may eliminate blindness

bacteria endemic to the eyeball may eliminate blindness

Know that the intestines and the skin are home to a group of microbes, which are vital to maintaining health, but did you know that your eyes also host a group of unique microbes?

The surface of the eye is one of the most hospitable environments of microbes in mammalian bodies, because tears carry antimicrobial agents, however, researchers found that some microbes can live on the surface of this tissue, and may play a key role in the prevention of eye inflammation.

These microbes are called microbiomes (a microbial group of living microbes). When these microbes are unbalanced, with certain species more or less normal, eye diseases may occur.

A recent study found that bacteria live on the surface of the eye and stimulate their protective immunity. Scientists have begun to dig deeper into microbial agents that can be used to create innovative treatments for a range of eye disorders such as eye dryness, schogren's syndrome, and corneal scarring or swelling.

Immunology specialist Anthony St Leger, assistant professor of ophthalmology at the University of Pittsburgh, says that someday, it may be possible to engineer bacteria to treat eye diseases in humans. He pointed out that how to understand the effect of bacteria on immunity is key to avoiding up to a million visits For doctors for eye infections and $ 174 million a year in the United States alone.

The researchers used mice to determine whether bacteria on the surface of the eye could stimulate an immune response to protect the eye from pathogens leading to blindness.

The researchers found endemic bacteria in the eyeball called Corynebacterium mastitidis, which stimulates immune cells to produce and release anti-microbial agents that kill their harmful, pathogenic.

Through a series of experiments, researchers were able, for the first time, to show a causal relationship between Corynebacterium mastitidis and the immune immune response.

When Corynebacterium mastitidis is present on the surface of the eye, mice exhibit more resistance to two types of bacteria known to cause blindness, namely "pseudomonas aeruginosa" and "white ovulation".

St. Lager and his colleagues are now working on exploiting the relationship between Corynebacterium mastitidi and immunity to develop new treatments to prevent infection and possibly target more common diseases such as eye dryness.

The first step towards the development of such treatments is to know how bacteria colonize the eye, which researchers are now working on in laboratories.

Source: Science Alert

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Nawfal Mohammed

Hello I am a student at law college and I am still studying i'M GOOG IN : Blogging, MMA fighter, Designer, Website Management, Bodybuilding, etc BUT my Hobbies :Learn languages, horseback riding, motorcycles and more

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